4 Human rights frameworks and mechanismsStatelessness is a human rights issue. Its impact can be measured in human rights terms and redressed through human rights tools. This website offers an overview of some of the most important human rights frameworks and mechanisms for tackling statelessness globally. It contains information on:
- The Universal Periodic Review (UPR): a political mechanism through which all UN Member States are subjected to a review of their performance across all human rights on a cyclical basis, through a peer-review system whereby states make recommendations to other states.
- The Convention on the Rights of the Child (CRC): the most widely ratified human rights treaty in the world, protecting the right of every child to acquire a nationality (article 7) and the rights of stateless children; with implementation monitored by a Committee of experts.
- The Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination Against Women (CEDAW): protecting the human rights of women and guaranteeing equality, including the equal right for women to acquire, change or retain their nationality and to confer it on their children (article 9); with implementation monitored by a Committee of experts.
- The International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights (ICCPR): providing certain protections with respect to the right to a nationality and the non-discriminatory enjoyment of this right as well as for the protection of fundamental civil and political rights by all persons – regardless of nationality or statelessness; with implementation monitored by a Committee of experts.
- The International Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Racial Discrimination (ICERD): guaranteeing the enjoyment of the right to a nationality without distinction as to race, colour, or national or ethnic origin; with implementation monitored by a Committee of experts.
- ü Regional human rights frameworks: regional human rights treaties and declarations affirm the right to a nationality and the enjoyment of rights by stateless persons, with strong guidance and jurisprudence emerging from the regional human rights commissions, committees and courts in Africa, the Americas and Europe.